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Schubin Cafe Archive

What the H? Did Pittsburg Give Us Our First Letter? By Mark Schubin

February 27th, 2017

In 1957, a plaque commemorating “Hollywood’s Golden Jubilee” was dedicated by the mayor of Los Angeles, but everything about it was wrong.  Was Hollywood actually born in Pennsylvania?  Sixty years after the ceremony Mark Schubin tries to uncover the truth. And, no, Pittsburg, the one in Pennsylvania, is not spelled incorrectly above or here.  Find […]

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The Polish Polymath Who Came Up With Television For Opera – In 1878

February 10th, 2017

  His name was Julijan Ochorowicz (though his first name was also spelled Julian or even Julien), and he was, among other things, a scientist, engineer, mathematician, inventor (credited with the first hands-free telephone), economist, linguist, Egyptologist, philosopher, poet, teacher, paranormal-phenomena investigator, and pioneer of experimental and clinical psychology.  His first thesis was on the […]

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Breaking the Pictures Barrier: Why Television Research Began in 1877 (and why no one knows it)

January 24th, 2017

  Why Television Research Began in 1877 (and Why No One Knows It) Recorded January 12, 2017 at the SMPTE Philadelphia Section meeting, QVC, West Chester, PA. Prior to 1877, there was no hint of a television camera — not even in science fiction or fantasy. In 1877, eight people, in five countries on both […]

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Hoaxes?

January 9th, 2017

  On Saturday night, 2017 January 7, the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences bestowed Technology and Engineering Emmy Awards on Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks, the Institution of Engineering and Technology (the IET), and Siemens for “The Concept of Opto-Electronic Transduction,” a fundamental principle of television cameras: the ability to convert variations in light intensity […]

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Television & Opera: A 140-Year Collaboration by Mark Schubin

December 5th, 2016

Recorded on November 4, 2016 as a National Opera Week event at All Mobile Video Chelsea Studios, 221 West 26th Street, New York, NY 10001. Did you think television was introduced at the New York World’s Fair in 1939? The BBC telecast the opera Carmen in 1934, and the first television program with an original […]

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Pittsburgh, SMPTE, & Before by Mark Schubin

November 4th, 2016

This is SMPTE’s centennial year. Did you know the society might not exist if not for Pittsburgh? The same might also be said for the whole motion-image industry! Carnegie Mellon, the University of Pittsburgh, Westinghouse, PPG, and even Heinz played roles. Join multiple Emmy-award-winning SMPTE Life Fellow Mark Schubin as he provides a Pittsburgh-oriented illustrated […]

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Call for Proposals for Presentations at the 2017 HPA Tech Retreat

September 5th, 2016

  Welcome back from Labor Day! It’s time to get back into the grind and to consider the Hollywood Professional Association’s upcoming technology event. The 2017 HPA Tech Retreat will take place February 20-24 at the Hyatt Regency Resort in Indian Wells, CA (Palm Springs area). Those of you not familiar with the event will […]

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HDR: The Bottom Line by Mark Schubin

September 1st, 2016

This is a modified version of the original presentation given at the 2016 HPA Tech Retreat on February 18, 2016. High Dynamic Range (HDR) imagery offers the most bang for the bit in viewing tests.  Equipment is available, and issues are being worked out.  What happens in theaters and homes, however, is a different matter. […]

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The Technology Year in Review by Mark Schubin

August 17th, 2016

This is a modified version of the original presentation given at the 2016 HPA Tech Retreat on February 17, 2016. What were some of the hot technologies of 2015?  Could they have been books, film, and television?  And might the greatest advance in television be something first written up in 1877? Correction: The Polaroid Snap […]

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Great Scots!

August 3rd, 2016

  With the Olympic Games opening in Brazil this week, it might be worth noting that the first to feature television cameras took place in Germany 80 years ago. But those weren’t the first sports events with television coverage. Baseball was televised in Japan in 1931; before that, tennis was captured by a video camera […]

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Wow or Woe?

July 24th, 2016

Today, July 24, 2016. as this image from page 13 of the July 25, 1916 issue of The Evening Star in Washington, D.C. indicates, is the 100th anniversary of the first meeting of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, the group that became SMPTE in 1950 when a T for television was added. The article noted that, […]

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Truth Will Out

July 8th, 2016

  A Capitol Fourth is one of the longest-lasting shows on PBS and is said to be the highest rated. It’s an extraordinary undertaking, with stars from virtually every genre of music performing live both in front of a huge crowd on the west lawn and steps of the U.S. Capitol building and, simultaneously, on TV […]

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NAB 2016 Wrap-up

June 8th, 2016

Recorded on May 25, 2016 at the SMPTE DC “Bits by the Bay,” Managing Technologies in Transition at the Chesapeake Beach Resort & Spa. TRT: 33:00 (52 MB) Download link: NAB 2016 Wrap-up Embedded:

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HDR: The Great, the Okay, and the Yikes!

May 22nd, 2016

HDR: The Great, the Okay, and the Yikes! Of all of the picture improvements being discussed today, high dynamic range (HDR) offers the most bang for the bit. It has other characteristics that could also be described as “great.” Implementation will take some work, which is okay. And then there are the parts that are […]

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What Will Be at NAB? Consider IBC

April 17th, 2016

  Like every other NAB show, the upcoming 2016 one will likely have lots of innovations. One to which I’m looking forward is the new “autocolor” button on SoftPanels LED lights. Each can measure the ambient lighting and adjust its output to match, whether it’s an incandescent table lamp or daylight streaming in a window. I’m […]

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The Fandom of the Opera at McGill University by Mark Schubin

February 21st, 2016

“The Fandom of the Opera” at McGill University’s Centre for Interdisciplinary Research into Music and Media Technology, by Mark Schubin Electronic home entertainment, movies, consumer headphones – even newscasts and sportscasts – were all created for opera. Really! Emmy-award-winning engineer and historian Mark Schubin offers a brief seminar on “The fandom of the opera: How […]

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The Bottom Line

January 26th, 2016

  Like many other innovations, high-dynamic-range (HDR) imaging can bring benefits but will require work to implement. And then there’s the bottom line. HDR’s biggest benefit is that it offers the greatest perceptual image improvement per bit. Different researchers have independently verified the improvement, and it theoretically requires no increase in bit rate whatsoever.  In […]

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It’s Not Them

December 8th, 2015

In the aftermath of the shootings in San Bernardino, the leading Presidential candidate of a major U.S. political party called yesterday for barring members of a particular religion from entering the country.  The statement is ignorant, and I feel compelled to explain why. It is ignorant because the ban would violate the U.S. constitution, which […]

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Please Stop “Helping” Me

November 17th, 2015

  Once upon a time, in a land far away, I helped solve some problems involving the acquisition, processing, recording, and distribution of audio and video signals. The company I was assisting was heavily involved in dubbing the voices of American television programming in a different language. For many decades, I have also been involved […]

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Cheerful Theft

October 12th, 2015

  Roughly since the beginning of the world wide web, I’ve had a money-making idea. I’d make a nice web site and ask people to send me money. That’s all. No purpose listed, no return implied. I’m not in a position to offer a proper opinion, but I think it would be legal, as long […]

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Where Did The Newscast Come From?

October 7th, 2015

  Where Did The Newscast Come From? SMPTE DC Bits-by-the-Bay, Chesapeake Beach Resort May 20, 2015 Direct Link (16 MB / TRT 8:14): Where Did The Newscast Come From? Embedded:

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Copywrong

September 25th, 2015

  As a professional writer, I like to be paid for my work. I still remember the first sentence I wrote for money, for a pop-up picture postcard. “Reigning majestically over the skyline of New York for more than 35 years, the Empire State Building still commands a view that can take your breath away.” […]

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IBC 2015: Virtual Reality for Storytelling

September 14th, 2015

  Al Jazeera is famous for many things, but virtual reality is probably not one of them – at least not yet. At last week’s International Broadcasting Convention (IBC) in Amsterdam, in the Future Zone, however, Al Jazeera was very prominent in the field. At one “stand” (what Americans might call a “booth”), Al Jazeera […]

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The Schubin Talks: Next-Generation-Imaging, Higher Spatial Resolution by Mark Schubin

September 1st, 2015

  A look at 4K and the different ways to acquire in 4K. A must see for those who know that 4K will be in their future but who are not sure what it means for them today. Or if it should mean anything. Other videos in the series include: Introduction to Next-Generation-Imaging (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fgf3hDqUB04) Higher […]

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The Schubin Talks: Next-Generation-Imaging, Higher Dynamic Range by Mark Schubin

August 25th, 2015

  Considered the biggest improvement available, using high dynamic range can make productions easier as shaders will have less to do and subjects moving from sunlight to shadows will be easily visible. Should this be what broadcasters hold out for? Or are there things about HDR that can make it tricky if not done correctly? […]

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The Schubin Talks: Next-Generation-Imaging, Higher Frame Rate by Mark Schubin

August 18th, 2015

  Do more frames really mean better quality? Does increasing frames change the nature of the video we perceive? These are the questions answered by Mark Schubin in this presentation on higher frame rate. Other videos in the series include: Introduction to Next-Generation-Imaging (www.youtube.com/watch?v=fgf3hDqUB04) Higher Dynamic Range (www.youtube.com/watch?v=qYTdVrv2N1Y) Higher Spatial Resolution (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S0BmVbfNQT4) The Schubin Talks: […]

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The Schubin Talks: Introduction to Next-Generation-Imaging by Mark Schubin

August 11th, 2015

  This series of video presentations by Mark Schubin is designed to help broadcast and media professionals better understand three key concepts that are changing the way content is created and delivered. This introduction looks at the technical enhancements that can make video look better. It includes a brief overview of the three topics to […]

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Operatic Media Borrowings, Hybrids, and Commixtion by Mark Schubin

July 31st, 2015

  Presented at SID: Sounds, Images, and Data 2015 (http://ocradst.org/sid2015), New York University, New York City on July 24, 2015. Direct Link (69 MB / TRT 35:36): Operatic Media Borrowings, Hybrids, and Commixtion by Mark Schubin Embedded:

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The History, Present, and Possible Future of Increased Resolution for Motion Imaging by Mark Schubin

July 15th, 2015

Presented on July 10, 2015 at the “International Symposium on Medical-Engineering Collaboration: Medicine Definitely Jumps Up with 8K,” organized by and presented at Nihon University, Tokyo. Direct Link (26 MB / TRT 14:46): The History, Present, and Possible Future of Increased Resolution for Motion Imaging by Mark Schubin Embedded:

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The Technology of Le nozze di Figaro by Mark Schubin

June 29th, 2015

The Technology of “The Marriage of Figaro” In October 2014, the Metropolitan Opera transmitted The Marriage of Figaro live from its technologically advanced stage to more than 2000 cinemas worldwide.  The opera can also be enjoyed at home via TV, radio, recordings, downloads, and streams.  The Marriage of Figaro was first performed in 1786, however, […]

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NAB 2015 Wrap-up by Mark Schubin

June 13th, 2015

Recorded May 20, 2015 SMPTE DC Bits-by-the-Bay, Chesapeake Beach Resort Direct Link ( 44 MB /  TRT 34:01): NAB 2015 Wrap-up by Mark Schubin Embedded:

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Where Are We Going, & How Did We Get Here (The Past) by Mark Schubin

June 1st, 2015

Recorded during “An Evening with Mark Schubin” at the SMPTE New England Section, Dedham Holiday Inn on May 14, 2015. Learn the extraordinary history of the technology of motion pictures and television. Did you know that the first live video images and the first projected photographic motion pictures were both in the same year, and […]

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Where Are We Going, & How Did We Get Here (The Future) by Mark Schubin

May 19th, 2015

Recorded during “An Evening with Mark Schubin” at the SMPTE New England Section, Dedham Holiday Inn on May 14, 2015. We’ve sort of made it into the era of digital cinema and HDTV. What’s next? 4K? 8K? higher frame rate? higher dynamic range? wider color gamut? more immersive sound? direct brain stimulation? Will we still […]

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B4 Long

April 22nd, 2015

  Something extraordinary happened at this month’s annual convention of the National Association of Broadcasters in Las Vegas. Actually, it was more a number of product introductions — from seven different manufacturers — adding up to something extraordinary: the continuation of the B4 lens mount into the next era of video production. Perhaps it’s best […]

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The Bain of Our Existence

March 2nd, 2015

As is the case for most technologies, television had no single “inventor.” But then there’s the amazing Alexander Bain. Consider: The first major-league baseball game to be televised was played between the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Dodgers on August 26, 1939. If one believes that television was introduced at the New York World’s Fair […]

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Sensor-Lens Options for 4K Acquisition

February 25th, 2015

Recorded at the 2015 HPA Tech Retreat, Hyatt Regency Indian Wells, CA February 12, 2015 Are “4K” cameras really 4K? Is de-bayering a form of upconversion? Why should lenses be different for HD and 4K? Why are higher-resolution image sensors usually bigger than HD sensors? Was there ever a real 4K camera? Mark Schubin provides a […]

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Technology Year in Review

February 18th, 2015

Annual Technology Year in Review recorded at the 2015 HPA Tech Retreat, Hyatt Regency Indian Wells, CA February 11, 2015 Direct Link (13 MB / 10:36 TRT): Technology Year in Review Embedded:

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Everything Else

February 11th, 2015

Recorded at the HPA Tech Retreat Super Session, Hyatt Regency Indian Wells, CA February 10, 2015 The moving-image media are now all file-based and post-produced — except, that is, for news, sports, and live events ranging from awards shows to zoo births, with art-exhibit openings, ballet, concerts, opera, and theater thrown in.  Even in movie […]

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Understanding Frame Rate

January 23rd, 2015

Recorded on January 20, 2015 at the SMPTE Toronto meeting. In viewing tests, increased frame rate delivers a greater sensation of improvement than increased resolution (at a fraction of the increase in data rate), but some viewers of the higher-frame-rate Hobbit found the sensation unpleasant. How does frames-per-second translate into pixels-per-screen-width? One common frame rate […]

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UHD: Beyond the Hype

January 5th, 2015

Recorded November 12, 2014, NAB’s CCW+SATCON, Javits Convention Center, New York. With CES 2015 beginning tomorrow, Mark Schubin asks: What do viewers appreciate most about UHD? Higher resolution, frame rate, dynamic range? Wider color gamut? More immersive sound? What do those mean for production, post, and distribution? Can more become less? Follow the beyond-HD journey […]

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The New Second Screen: Live Theater Broadcasts

December 22nd, 2014

The New Second Screen: Live Theater Broadcasts Recorded November 7, LiveTV:LA, Loews Hollywood Hotel, CA. The Metropolitan Opera led the charge in live simulcasts to movie theaters but now pop concerts and other musical performances are following suit. Mark Schubin, SMPTE fellow, discusses how the Metropolitan Opera delivers a rich and compelling experience that has […]

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Everything Else

December 3rd, 2014

Videotape is dying. Whether it will be higher in spatial resolution, frame rate, dynamic range, color gamut, and/or sound immersion; whether it will be delivered to cinema screens, TV sets, smartphones, or virtual-image eye wear; whether it arrives via terrestrial broadcast, satellite, cable, fiber, WiFi, 4G, or something else; the moving-image media of the future […]

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The Fandom of the Opera: How the Audience for a Centuries-Old Art Form Helped Create Modern Media Technology

November 20th, 2014

Presented as part of National Opera Week at Stevens Institute of Technology, College of Arts & Letters, Hoboken, NJ on October 30, 2014. Believe it or not, electronic home entertainment was invented for opera audiences. So were consumer headphones, movies, newscasts, and pay-cable. The first sportscasts were in opera houses. The first wireless broadcast? The […]

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Baseball & Opera? Opera & Baseball?

November 6th, 2014

Recorded Wednesday, October 29, 2014. A free event for National Opera Week 2014 at GoingGoingGoneSports Gallery at the Atrium at Citigroup Center in New York City (with special thanks to Boston Properties and WorldStage). Babe Ruth sang in opera houses.  The manager of the Metropolitan Opera House wears a World Series ring.  Baseball fans started […]

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An Eclectic View of IBC 2014

November 2nd, 2014

On exhibit floors that had products ranging from 8K cameras to automatic captioning, why were many visitors excited about Skype? At a conference where the title of one presentation began “Minimising nonlinear Raman crosstalk,” why did one press report comment on cinema-auditorium lighting and the gross receipts of one episode of one TV show? Between […]

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So, Tell Me More About More

October 27th, 2014

“So, Tell Me More About More” Presented at the SMPTE-HPA Symposium El Capitan Theatre, Hollywood, CA Recorded October 20, 2014. Get schooled in the technical considerations necessary to wrap our heads around resolution, contrast, color, frame rate, screen brightness, and immersive sound. A nuts and bolts, step-by-step explanation that will serve as the foundation to […]

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“What We’ve Done and What We Might Yet Do”

September 13th, 2014

“What We’ve Done and What We Might Yet Do” The Inaugural Meeting of the New SMPTE Pittsburgh section Recorded September 3, 2014 As SMPTE approaches its 100th anniversary, it’s fun to look back at both our past and where we might be heading.  Paleolithic animation?  Flying cameras without the flying?  Watch and be amazed! Direct […]

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2015 HPA Tech Retreat – Call for Submissions

September 2nd, 2014

Labor Day is over, so it’s that time of year again: time to think about proposing presentations for the 2015 HPA Tech Retreat, February 9-13 at the Hyatt Regency Indian Wells (Palm Springs, California area). Many say it’s the most-important event of the year. For those of you not familiar with the retreat, HPA is […]

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Mark Schubin’s “Opera and Baseball: The Cooperstown Siblings” [video]

August 9th, 2014

A co-presentation of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and The Glimmerglass Festival. Otesaga Hotel, Cooperstown, NY, August 2, 2014 Direct Link (64 MB / 45:54 TRT): http://www.schubincafe.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/Schubin_2014_Baseball_Opera.mp4 Embedded:

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4K, HFR, HDR, and WCG: Which Has The Better Picture or Why Marketing Is Not Engineering [recorded webinar]

August 1st, 2014

What’s hype, what’s real, and what’s just not known yet? Join Mark Schubin in this recorded webinar as he looks at 4K (UHD), high frame rate, high dynamic range, and wide color gamut to see which really gives viewers the best picture, and what it will cost you in resources to provide. The best picture […]

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CE Week NY: AVS Interview with Mark Schubin [video]

July 2nd, 2014

Mark Schubin discusses 4K…and its problems.

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Smaller Pixels, Faster Pixels, and Better Pixels (extended version) [video]

June 23rd, 2014

For any given sensor size, higher resolution means smaller pixels, which means less sensitivity, less contrast, and less dynamic range. Presented at SMPTE Toronto on June 12, 2014. Video (TRT 45:20) Smaller Pixels, Faster Pixels, and Better Pixels (extended version) (1280×720, mp4, 56 MB) Embed (540×304):

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Smaller Pixels, Faster Pixels, and Better Pixels [video]

June 10th, 2014

For any given sensor size, higher resolution means smaller pixels, which means less sensitivity, less contrast, and less dynamic range. Presented at the Washington, DC SMPTE on May 21, 2014. Video (TRT 25:48) Smaller Pixels, Faster Pixels, and Better Pixels (1536×864, mp4, 31 MB) Embed (540×304):

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25 Years of HDTV Broadcasting

June 4th, 2014

Today, according to calendars in the United States, is the 25th anniversary of China’s crackdown on protesters in Tiananmen Square in Beijing. Yesterday, according to those same calendars, was the 25th anniversary of modern, regularly scheduled, HDTV broadcasting (in Japan). In the local time zones, where the HDTV broadcasting was received, it was actually the […]

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NAB 2014: Don’t Worry; Be Happy!

May 27th, 2014

The 2nd Screen 4K IP 2014 NAB Show vs. the Real World. Mark Schubin’s NAB 2014 wrap-up. (Mark has visited every booth at every NAB show since 1973.) Presented at the Washington, DC SMPTE on May 21, 2014. Video (TRT 54:48) NAB 2014: Don’t Worry; Be Happy! (1536×864, mp4, 70 MB) Embed (540×304):

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Live 4k Streaming (for opera, of course)

May 5th, 2014

  The first commercial digital sound recording was of an opera. The first live television subtitles were for opera. And, now, live 4k opera streamed over the Internet. At 7 pm Central European Time on Wednesday, May 7, the Wiener Staatsoper (Vienna State Opera) will transmit Verdi’s opera Nabucco, with Placido Domingo in the title […]

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He Went the Distance

April 28th, 2014

There is no formula for being great, and there is no formula for the Lechner Distance. Bernie Lechner was the former and came up with the latter. He died on April 11. He was an engineer’s engineer. Engineers need to figure out problems, so Bernie was a listener. Engineers need to know what was tried before […]

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“…Not in Our Stars…”

April 17th, 2014

  A number of noteworthy events took place the week of April 6. Following the publication of former-President Jimmy Carter’s book A Call to Action: Women, Religion, Violence, and Power, current-President Barack Obama issued an executive order and a presidential memorandum to try to reduce inequality of pay between men and women. The annual equipment exhibition […]

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HPA 2014 – Is Nothing New? [video]

March 19th, 2014

  Mark Schubin’s Is Nothing New? presentation from the HPA Tech Retreat, presented on February 21, 2014 (audio recorded later). Video (TRT 31:26) HPA 2014 – Is Nothing New (1276×720, mp4, 62 MB) Embed (540×304):

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HPA 2014 – Resolution Frame-Rate and Dynamic Range [video]

March 12th, 2014

  Mark Schubin’s Resolution Frame-Rate and Dynamic Range presentation from the HPA Tech Retreat, presented on February 20, 2014 (audio recorded later). (Extended Version: Bang for the Buck: Data Rate vs. Perception in UHD Production by Mark Schubin at http://youtu.be/UG6q2xVkKU4) Video (TRT 12:57) HPA Resolution Frame-Rate and Dynamic Range (1276×720, mp4, 17 MB) Embed (540×304):

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